Travel Tips from the Original & Still the Best Dive Team

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Why is the Red Sea called the Red Sea? Is it really Red?

No, the Red Sea is not always red, but sometimes it appears to be. The Red Sea got its name from a phenomenon caused by a type of algae called Trichodesmium Erythraeum, which is found in the sea. When these algae blooms die off the blue-green color of sea appears to change to reddish-brown color.

The Tourism developments and their impact on the rich and vulnerable marine environment alarmed the Egyptian Government and in 1983 the Ras Mohammed Peninsula was declared the first Egyptian National Park.

It is the Red Sea’s great biodiversity that led experts to call it a natural wonder. Relatively constant water temperatures from 20C to 30C (68F – 86F), minor sedimentation due to lack of rain and mild currents, and a high salt content resulting from a high rate of evaporation and a low level of humidity create the perfect environment for coral growth. The Red Sea is the saltiest life sustaining sea in the world and one of the richest in concentration of marine life of all tropical seas.

There are over 1000 species of invertebrates, around 200 recorded coral types and over a 1000 species of fish to be found in this natural wonder. Twenty million years ago the Red Sea formed as the Arabian Peninsula was torn away from Africa. One hundred fifty years ago it was one of the major shipping routes connecting Europe with East Asia and Australia. Today the Red Sea’s magical attraction is hidden just below the surface, where excellent clarity and mild water temperatures make diving possible all year round.

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